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56. Judah, Tim. Kosovo: War and Revenge. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000.


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83. Boswell, John. The Royal Treasure: Muslim Communities under the Crown of Aragon in the Fourteenth Century. Connecticut:Yale University Press,1977.


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Scholarly Journal Articles:

1. Shadid, Wasif & Van Koningsveld, Sjoerd. “Loyalty to a Non-Muslim Government: An Analysis of Islamic Normative Discussions and of the Views of some Contemporary Islamicists.” Kok Pharos, (1996): pp.84-115


2. Afroz Sultana. “The Jihad of 1831-1832: The Misunderstood Baptist Rebellion in Jamaica.” Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs 21.2, (2001), pp. 227-243


3. Zaimeche, Salah. “Granada- The Last Refuge of Muslims In Spain.” Foundation For Science Technology and Civilization (2004).


4. Haggar, Soha Abboud. “Las Leyes de Moros Son el Libro De Al Tafri: El famoso manuscrito de la Real Academia de la Historia es unacopia parcial, fragmentaria, resumida y coninterpolaciones del tratado de jurisprudencia malikí de Ibn Al-Gallab.” Cuadernos de Historia del Derecho 4, (1997), pp. 163-201.


5. Byler, Charles. “Pacifying the Moros: American Military Government in the Southern Philippines, 1899-1913.” Military Review (May-June 2005), pp. 41-45


6. Silva, Alberto Da Costa E. “Buying and Selling Korans in Nineteenth-Century Rio de Janeiro.” Slavery and Abolition 22.1, (2001), Pp. 72-82


7. Singelton, Brent D. “African Bibliophiles: Books and Libraries in Medieval Timbuktu.”Libraries & Culture, 39.1, (2004), pp 1-12


8. Fareed, Abu Alfa Muhammad Shareef Bin. “The Islamic Slave Revolts of Bahia, Brazil.” Sankore Institute of Islamic-African Studies.


9. Viguera, Maria J. “Las cartas de al-Gazali y al-Turtusi al soberano almoravid Yusuf b. Tasufin,” Al-Andalus, 42.2 (1977) pp. 341-374


10. Stewart, Devin. “The Identity Of “The Mufti Of Oran”, Abu L-‘Abbas Ahmad B. Abi Jum‘ah Al-Maghrawi Al-Wahrani.” Al-Qantara 27: 2,( 2006), pp. 265-301


11. Baepler, Paul. “White Slaves, African Masters.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 588, Islam: Enduring Myths and Changing Realities, (2003), pp. 90-111


12. Loomie, Albert J. “Toleration and Diplomacy: The Religious Issue in Anglo-Spanish Relations, 1603-1605.” Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, New Series, 53.6, (1963), pp. 1-60


13. Malagón-Barceló, Javier. “Toledo and the New World in the Sixteenth Century.” The Americas, 20.2, (1963), pp. 97-126


14. Phillips, Carla Rahn. “Time and Duration: A Model for the Economy of Early Modern Spain.” The American Historical Review, 92.3, (1987), pp. 531-562


15. Cook, Jr., Weston F. “The Cannon Conquest of Nasrid Spain and the End of the Reconquista.” The Journal of Military History, 57.1, (1993), pp. 43-70


16. Altman, Ida. “Spanish Society in Mexico City after the Conquest.” The Hispanic American Historical Review, 71.3, (1991), pp. 413-445


17. Cornell, Vincent J. “Socioeconomic Dimensions of Reconquista and Jihad in Morocco: Portuguese Dukkala and the Sadid Sus, 1450-1557.” International Journal of Middle East Studies, 22. 4, (1990), pp. 379-418


18. Pike, Ruth. “Sevillian Society in the Sixteenth Century: Slaves and Freedmen.” The Hispanic American Historical Review, 47.3, (1967), pp. 344-359


19. Elliott, John H. “The Decline of Spain.“ Past and Present, No. 20, ( 1961), pp. 52-75


20. Harvey, L.P. “Review: [untitled] Author(s): L. P. Harvey Reviewed work(s): Aljamiadotexte by Reinhold Kontzi.” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, 39. 1, (1976), pp. 172-173


21. Iversen, Reem F. “Prophecy And Politics: Moriscos And Christians In Sixteenth And Seventeenth-Century Spain Volume I.” Princeton University PHD dissertation, (2002).


22. Hough, Walter. Oriental Influences in Mexico. American Anthropologist, New Series, Vol. 2, No. 1, (1900), pp. 66-74


23. Bourke, John G. “Notes on the Language and Folk-Usage of the Rio Grande Valley. (With Especial Regard to Survivals of Arabic Custom.).” The Journal of American Folklore, 9.33, ( 1896), pp. 81-116


24. Heath, Jim F. and Nunn, Frederick M. “Negroes and Discrimination in Colonial New Mexico: Don Pedro Bautista Pino’s Startling Statements of 1812 in Perspective” Phylon, 31.4, (1970), pp. 372-378


25. Miller, Kathryn A. “Muslim Minorities and the Obligation to Emigrate to Islamic Territory: Two fatwās from Fifteenth-Century Granada.” Islamic Law and Society, 7.2, Islamic Law in Al-Andalus, (2000), pp. 256-288


26. Surtz, Ronald E. “Morisco Women, Written Texts, and the Valencia Inquisition.” Sixteenth Century Journal, 32. 2, (2001), pp. 421-433


27. Hegyi, O. “Minority and Restricted Uses of the Arabic Alphabet: The Aljamiado Phenomenon. Journal of the American Oriental Society, 99.2, (1979), pp. 262- 269


28. López-Morillas, Consuelo. “Language and Identity in Late Spanish Islam.” Hispanic Review, 63.2, (1995), pp. 193-210


29. El Fadl, Khaled Abou “ Islamic Law and Muslim Minorities: The Juristic Discourse on Muslim Minorities from the Second/Eighth to the Eleventh/Seventeenth Centuries” Islamic Law and Society, 1.2, (1994), pp. 141-187


30. Wright, Louis B. & Macleod, Julia H. “First American Campaign in North Africa” The Huntington Library Quarterly, 7.3, (1944), pp. 281-305


31. Matar, Nabil. “English Accounts of Captivity in North Africa and the Middle East: 1577-1625,” Renaissance Quarterly, 54.2, (Summer, 2001), pp. 553-572


32. Lobel, Jules. “Covert War and Congressional Authority: Hidden War and Forgotten Power,” University of Pennsylvania Law Review, 134. 5, (1986), pp. 1035-1110


33. Davis, Robert C. “Counting European Slaves on the Barbary Coast,” Past and Present, No. 172, (2001), pp. 87-124


34. Christian Captives at “Hard Labor” in Algiers, 16th-18th Centuries Author(s): Ellen G. Friedman Source: The International Journal of African Historical Studies, Vol. 13, No. 4, (1980), pp. 616- 632


35. Marín, Manuela & El Hour, Rachid. “Captives, Children and Conversion: A Case from Late Nasrid Granada.” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, 41.4, (1998), pp. 453-473


36. Lincoln, J. N. “An Itinerary for Morisco Refugees from Sixteenth-Century Spain,” Geographical Review, 29.3, (1939), pp. 483-487

37. Lincoln, J. N. “Aljamiado Prophecies” PMLA, 52.3, (1937), pp. 631-644


38. Gerhard, Peter, “A Black Conquistador in Mexico.” The Hispanic American Historical Review, 58.3, (1978), pp. 451-459


39. Davis-Secord, Sarah. “MUSLIMS IN NORMAN SICILY: THE EVIDENCE OF IMAM AL-MAZARI’S FATWAS, Mediterranean Studies, Volume 16, (2007), pp 46-66


40. Perry, Mary Elizabeth. “Between Muslim and Christian Worlds: Moriscas and Identity in Early Modern Spain.” The Muslim World, Vol 95, (2005)


41. Hess, Andrew C. “The Moriscos: An Ottoman Fifth Column in Sixteenth-Century Spain.” The American Historical Review, 74.1, (1968), pp. 1-25


42. Clark, G.N. “The Barbary Corsairs in the Seventeenth Century.” Cambridge Historical Journal, 8.1, (1944), pp. 22-35


43. Brown, Philip Marshall. “The Rights of States under International Law.” The Yale Law Journal, 26.2, (1916), pp. 85-93


44. Barbour, Nevill. “The Significance of the Conflict in Algeria.” African Affairs, 56.222, (1957), pp. 20-31


45. Lopez-Baralt, Luce. “La angustia secreta del exilio: El testimonio de un morisco de Tunez” Hispanic Review, 55.1, (1987), pp. 41-57


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48. James, David. “The “Manual de artillería” of al-Ra’īs Ibrāhīm Ahmad al-Andalusī with Particular Reference to Its Illustrations and Their Sources.” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, 41.2, (1978), pp. 237-257


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50. Hess, Andrew C. “The Evolution of the Ottoman Seaborne Empire in the Age of the Oceanic Discoveries, 1453-1525.” The American Historical Review, 75.7, (1970), pp. 1892-1919


51. Smelser, Marshall. “The Passage of the Naval Act of 1794” Military Affairs, 22.1, (1958), pp. 1-12


52. Afroz, Sultana. THE MUSLIM MAROONS AND THE BUCRA MASSA IN JAMAICA. <http://gess.wordpress.com/2008/01/11/the-Muslim-maroons-and-the-bucra-massa-in-jamaica/&gt;


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54. Bewley, Aisha. Yusuf ibn Tashfin: The March Of Conquest Of Yusuf B.Tafsin. <http://bewley.virtualave.net/tashfin.html&gt;. 1/27/2001.

55. Hoque, Zubair Muhammad Ehsan. “Elegy for Lost Kingdoms and Ruined . Asiatic Society http://www.asiaticsociety.org.bd/journals/Dec_2007/ELEGY%20FOR%20LOST%20KINGDOMS%20AND%20RUINED.htm

56. Boase, Roger. “The Muslim Expulsion from Spain: An Early Example of Religious and Ethnic Cleansing” <http://www.theamericanMuslim.org/tam.php/features/articles/the_Muslim_expulsion_from_spain_an_early_example_of_religious_and_ethnic_cl/>

57. Ma, Rosey Wang. Chinese Muslims in Malaysia, History and Development. < http://210.0.141.99/eng/malaysia/ChineseMuslim_in_Malaysia.asp > 11/26/2008.

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59. Renaker, David. “The Aetheist Seventeenth Century Website.” “For the First Time in English: The Ad Extirpanda of Pope Innocent IV (1252).” <http://userwww.sfsu.edu/~draker/history/Ad_Extirpanda.html>. 9/24/2007

60. Cook, Karoline P. “Navigating Identities: The Case of A Morisco Slave in Seventeenth-Century New Spain.” The Americas, 65:1 (2008), p. 63-79.

61. Koningsveld P. S. and Wiegers G. A. “An appeal of the Moriscos to the Mamluk sultan and its counterpart to the Ottoman court : Textual analysis, context, and wider historical background.” Al-Qantara, (1999), 20:1, pp. 161-189.

62. Macaulay’s Minute on Indian Education (1835)

63. Moore, K.A., et al. A Statistical Portrait of Adolescent Sex, Contraception, and Childbearing. The National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy, 1998.

64. Kaiser Family Foundation. Sex on TV: A Biennial Report of the Kaiser Family Foundation. 2001.

65. http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=24251 “Stress, Depression and Drug Abuse: Fallout of 9-11 – Depression Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments Including Clinical and Manic Depression” MedicineNet.com, September 2003.

66. Turkish National Archives

67. Cardona, Pedro Aznar. “Expulsión justificada de los moriscos españoles, 2 parts.” I, fol. 190v. Huesca: Pedro Cabarte, 1612.

68. Magas, Branka. “The War in Bosnia-Herzegovina: An Overview.” London: Islamic World Report (1996), ‘Bosnia: Destruction of a nation, inversion of a principle.’


69. Roncevic, Hasan. “The Bosnia Counter-offensive Forestalled by the Dayton Accord.” London: Islamic World Report (1996), ‘Bosnia: Destruction of a nation, inversion of a principle.’


70. Malcolm, Noel. “The West’s Response To The War In Bosnia: A Short History of Errors and Failures.” London: Islamic World Report (1996), ‘Bosnia: Destruction of a nation, inversion of a principle.’


71. Nicolle, David. “ Medieval Warfare: The Unfriendly Interface.” The Journal of Military History, Vol. 63, No. 3, (Jul., 1999), pp. 579-599.


72. PsyWar. http://www.psywar.org


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74. Barletta, Vincent. Aljamiado Literature. University of Colorado Boulder.


75. McKenna, Thomas M. “Muslim separatism in the Philippines: Meaningful autonomy or endless war?” Asia Source, Asia Social Issues Program <http://www.asiasource.org/asip/mckenna_republic.cfm&gt;.


Audio and Video Lectures and Programs:

1. Quick, Abdul Hakim. Deeper Roots. Lecture in the UK.

2. Daeej, Dr. Ahmed Bin Yusuf. Al Tareekh al Siyasiyee lil Maghrib wal Andalus/A Political History of the Maghrib and Andalus. www.Islamway.com

3. Al Zaid, Dr. Ibrahim Bin Abd Al Aziz. Interview on “Al Moltaqan Al Adabi.” Al Majd Channel (Saudi).

4. Kataiba Al Motaardeen (المطاردين كتيبة). Al Jazeera. (documentary about Mujahideen in Bosnia)

5. Birtley, Tony. “The Lost Tribe: Secret Army of The CIA.” Al Jazeera English. 2008

6. Martinkus, John. “Psych War in Afghanistan.” Dateline: SBS channel (Australia). October 19 2005

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