About the Book

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Didn’t Al-Andalus fall in 1492CE? Why were the Muslims in such a humiliating state after the fall? Was it necessary for the Muslims in Al-Andalus to migrate to Islamic lands after it came in the hands of the disbelievers? Can the situation of the Muslims then and now be compared?

This fascinating new book deals with an aspect of Al -Andalus that has not yet been the focus of any English speaking Muslim Scholar. It is a voluminous release and covers briefly the period of Muslims in Andalus from the opening of Andalus by Tariq bin Ziyad to the fall of Garnata in 1492 CE. The focus of the book is what happened to the Muslims of Andalus after the fall of Garnata (Granada).

Why does it matter? Why should we know about our history? In order for the Muslim Ummah to go back to its roots we must study our history and take heed from its lessons, both the ups and the downs. Additionally, the situation of the Muslims living in the West today poses a striking similarity to the situation of the Muslims in Al- Andalus post 1492 (when the last Muslim ruler surrendered the last Muslim stronghold of Granada to King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella). This marked the official end to Islamic rule in Al- Andalus. The end of Islamic rule was also marked by the Capitulations of Granada which was signed between Abu Abdullah Muhammad the Twelfth and the Spanish Crown of Castille.  The agreement seemed to be made binding upon the Spanish Crown of Castille but as we shall see, it was broken within ten years after the agreement was put into effect.

Muslims lived in Andalus for at least two hundred years after the fall. Their lives were not easy. In many cases they were forced to give up their identities, could not practice Islam in public, they were not allowed to speak Arabic (and therefore could not pray in congregation) or even give their children Muslim names! So what began as tolerance for the practice of Islam in Al- Andalus and allowing for their affairs to be judged under Shari’ah courts (Capitulations of Granada) slowly but surely led to the persecution of the Muslims of Al-Andalus until no trace of Islam in Andalus was to be found.

The book includes within it:

1. Imam Ghazali’s fatwa to Yusuf Bin Tashfin to fight the Muslim rulers fighting alongside the kuffaar and implementing other than Allah’s law.

2. Numerous documents pertaining to the life, worship and jihad conducted by those Muslims within Andalus.

3. All of the work is analyzed not just through the prism of Andalusi and Maghribi politics but through the perspective of the deen (Qur’an and Sunnah) and global events at the time as well.

The book will be posted in chapters and segments every three to four days in sha Allah on the ‘The Book’ section of the blog.   Any comments or feedback for possible amendments to the layout of this blog would be greatly appreciated.  Jazakum Allahu Khair.



  1. abenyusuf said,

    Assalâm ‘alaikum

    Thank you very much for this new blog, I’m glad to know that more bloggers are revivifying the history of al-Andalus, a key epoch for the present, for the West and for the Islam.

    Thank you, may Allah bless your work.

  2. Madiha said,

    Jazak’Allahu Khairan

  3. IUnknown said,

    mashALLAH, excellent stuff. I think you should regularly post about al-andalus which was our glorious past

  4. Farhana said,

    As-salaamu’alaykum wa Rahmatu Llahi wa Barakatuhu,

    This sounds like a really interesting book! look forward to it 😀

    Jazak’Allahu khair


  5. shadows15 said,

    Mashallah! Keep up the good work

  6. The Light said,

    Salam Alikum
    I really appreciate the intention and the enthusiasm behind this task…
    And well, i’d love to know more about Yousuf Bin Tashfeen as i am already an acqaint with him through another great history writer , Nasim Hijazi..
    so i look forward to it!

  7. navedz said,

    As-salaam Wa-alaikum!

    This sounds like an interesting read. Looking forward to read the blog as and when i find time.

    Thanks brother.

  8. yasir said,

    Excellent,keep it up.
    Jazak um ullah

  9. najmasyira said,

    this is a very nice blog..
    I’d like to know more about history of Andalus. coz i’m writting about novel about it. I’m najma from Indonesia
    My friend from barcelona suggest this blog to me.
    if you dont mind, can i have your email so I can ask something if I need more information about it.

    Thanks … keep up the good work..

    • History of Al Andalus said,

      Thank you for your interest. We hope you benefit from this book in sha’ Allah.

      We would be happy to assist you with any requests. Please post a message here and we will try our best to respond in sha’ Allah.

  10. Pere said,

    How I can push the reference of this book in my wokr from Moriscos? I dont find it with ISBN. Thanx

    • History of Al Andalus said,

      This work is a personal project of the author. It is not a published work as of yet. Additionally, not all portions of the book have been posted on this website yet. Please stay tuned for the updates on this book-blog.

      If you would like to reference it, then do so as one normally would.

      Title: An Incomplete History: The Muslims of Spain Post-1492م /897 ـه In A Global Context And Its Relevance to Muslims Today

      Author: Ibn Abi Hashim Al Muhajir

      Edition: First

      Date of “publication”: January 2009

      Because the book has not been published formally, we cannot provide you with details such as place of publication and name of publisher.

  11. muslim said,

    Where is Imam Ghazali’s fatwa located?

    • History of Al Andalus said,

      As salaamu ‘alaikum,

      Imam Ghazali’s fatwa can be found in Appendix J. The three parts of the appendix are all related so please browse through all of them. The appendices is located on the drop down menu on the front page.

  12. anonymous said,

    Thanks for this! Jazakumullahu khairan! I’ve been wanting to find out the gap that the West’s tried to erase from history!

  13. Ismail said,

    Hello brother, I´m from Al Andalus, and I´m starting to the Islam, because of my girlfriend, but i have some problem with the idiom, do your know if the book is translated to spanish?

  14. Malik Murtaza said,

    What a great question is raised here.

  15. Casper said,

    Hi, the information on this blog looks very good.

    But I have a question.

    I study history, and for the university I have to do a task which involves searching for information about islam in Spain in the 15th century. This blog definitley gives the right dose of information.
    But a part of the job as a historian is to rate the source (see if it’s reliable information, etc…).
    Now, the problem is that it all seems very reliable, but there is no information about the author.
    It’s very good that you included the author’s name, but that doesn’t mean anything without further information.

    So would it be possible to email me, or respond to this post with information like: the studies the author has done, place he has in a university (lecturor, …), etc…


  16. maktabah said,

    Soon we are publishing three books on Spain from the rise and fall of Spain by the same author as “Khalid bin Waleed sword of Allah” and our new publication “Muslim Conquest of Persia”. This will shed some light on this amazing part of our history.

    • Hussein Ali said,

      I was looking for the book “Muslim Conquest of Persia” but Im finding it very difficult to find please can you help me

  17. As’Salaam’Alaikum,

    Jazak Allah Khairun for your efforts and making this book widely available for everyone to read.

    The Islamic contribution to European civilisation has long been erased from the history books, but thankfully there are people like yourself who are challenging this narrative.

    I will be reading and posting from your book on my blog too.


    Akh The Angry Academic Activist


  18. Adnan said,


    I have interest in exploring the Islamic History, its rise and fall across the territories. This blog is indeed a reconfirmation of what I read at other sources, thanks a lot for your work and sharing it here on web for us, Jazak Allah.

    I agreed with brother’s comment above about the hidden glorious history of Islam and the contribution of Muslim scholars, that the Christiandom has tried to vanish the real part of the history especially between 11th Century and 16th Century and call it “DARK ERA”. After studying several books and confirmation of the contents from other sources I came to know that it was actually the DARK ERA of Christian history rather than the WORLD HISTORY, and it covers the glorious past of the Islamic History in every section/ function of the civilised society; be it education, literature, geography, military, medicine, engineering, etc,etc..

    Thank you again brother for the good work, I wish & pray Allah for your success and may Allah give you opportunity to take this work beyond.


    • History of Al Andalus said,

      Wa iyyaka. We pray that Allah subhanahu wa ta’aala allows all of us to benefit from this piece of work and to educate others about this forgotten section of our glorious history.

  19. dunkaway said,

    Assalamu alaikum

    Jazakum Allahu khairan, excellent work and amazing effort, we need more similar books to inform us and our younger muslims of this very important and glorious segment of our history. I would like to use this material for research/ referencing for students, is there a way to get hard copies of this book?

    Thank you and Jazak Allahu Khair.

    • History of Al Andalus said,

      Wa ‘alaikum-as salaam-wa rahmatullahi-wa barakaatuhu,

      You can certainly use this work for research and teaching purposes. Currently, there are no hard copies of the book available. If you would like to download the book, you can download it here (though this is the unedited version of the book. The completely edited version is what is posted on this blog), otherwise we have made this blog for ease in reading. In sha Allah, the author plans on releasing a second edition soon

  20. Wao! quite amazing, and I thought all worthwhile historical texts where in Spanish! Is the book in print format?
    Thank you, this is a very carefully attended work!

    • History of Al Andalus said,

      Alhamdulillah, the author has spent a great deal of time researching and drawing insights from the past. We encourage you to visit the appendices of this book. There are many documents which are originally in Arabic but have recently been translated in to English by the author. The same goes with some Spanish documents, which have also now been translated.

      Unfortunately, the book is not in print format as of now.

  21. samad said,

    very interesting work ;looking forward for more.
    many thanks

  22. Abdul Rahim said,

    Salaam alaikum Brother

    MashaÁllah. very interesting and long overdue. May Allah reward you.
    There is lot of interest in the history of Al-Andalus and I have also started a website to discover the legacy of Islam at http://www.ibnbattuta.net related to travelling to Al-Andalus and other Islamic countries. Your book will be of great interest to our community. May we add your blog to our website?

    Jazak Allah Khairan

  23. Nabeel Moidu said,

    Good effort brother.
    In Tohfat-Al-Mujahideen, a 16th century book by Zain Al Din Makdhoum, about confrontation of Muslims from Malabar with the Portuguese, there’s a mention of the Muslims from Halatia being martyred in the Malabar by the Portuguese in 1577. (Pg 91 Tuhfat Al Mujahideen , translated by Nainar 2006). The translator has a note that this might be Galicia in Spain. Did you come across any incident like this related to the muslims in Spain coming to India to wage war ?
    Its said that in 1498 when Vasco Da Gama landed in Calicut, a Moor from Tunis who knew Spanish named Mian Zaid had welcomed him in Calicut. That points to a centuries long contact between the two countries.


    • Sidique said,

      Hi Nabeel if you have Tuhfat Al Mujahideen book plz can you send to me by mail

  24. Nabeel Moidu said,

    Tuhfat or Tohfat..

  25. Nabeel Moidu said,

    Been through some pages of this work…While the historic recollection done is commendable, stuffing Al-Qaeda propaganda into this is disgusting…..Killing of any innocent civilian can not be justified by any Muslim and commending the September 11 attacks etc is totally criminal…..you’ve got Islam totally wrong…With this amount of knowledge of history, you should’ve understood something better….Works like this only end up in enforcing the wrong stereotypes about Islam…

    • History of Al Andalus said,

      We would be interested in having a sincere and truthful discussion with you if you would like to provide specific evidences for what you claim.

      you said: “Killing of any innocent civilian can not be justified by any Muslim and commending the September 11 attacks etc is totally criminal”

      What is an innocent civilian as laid out by the Shari’ah? Is there anything such as an ‘innocent’ or a ‘blameworthy’ civilian in Islam? How does the shari’ah classify different types of people? We invite you to research this topic and then respond with specific evidences.

      As for September 11th, there is an incredible amount written on this topic. Once you read about what the Shari’ah says about ‘civilians’ and treaties with the Non Muslims and the law of retribution, you will understand. The least that can be said is history didn’t begin on 9/11.

      You said: “With this amount of knowledge of history, you should’ve understood something better”

      It is interesting that you have the audacity to say someone ‘should’ve understood something better’ when they have done years of research and put a tremendous amount of time into putting together this work. And this, from someone who is writing a 7 line comment on a blog.

      We would have taken your point seriously if it was just some rambling and ‘over zealous’ comments about Al- Qaeda, but this is a 400 page work, loaded with evidences from history. If the author has included propaganda about Al Qaeda, know that he has done it with evidences and backed it up with research. Come up with specific points if you have an issue with what is written.

      We advise you to look at this pristine religion with truthfulness and sincerity. One who is sincere, should take off those colored lenses with which he/she views Islam. When you say, ‘Works like this only end up in enforcing the wrong stereotypes about Islam’ ask your self, what is a ‘wrong stereo type’ in the first place? Is it what the Western audience doesn’t like to hear about Islam and what makes us shudder because certain aspects of Islam embarrass us? or is it really a wrong interpretation of Islam, in which case, you should provide evidence for what you say.

      May Allah guide you and us to the Straight Path and give us the ability to remain steadfast upon it. Ameen

  26. abouAdam Soulayman Al-Chaouia said,

    As-salam ‘alaykum

    MAy Allah reward you work

  27. abouAdam Soulayman Al-Chaouia said,

    As-salam ‘alaykum

    May Allah reward you work !

    A other book is also interested in this matter: islam in andalus by Ahmad thomson.

    From my part, i’m working in a web project to expand the missing history of andalus for the french communauty.In cha Allah.

    Ia Brothers we are living the revival of islam and his revenge !
    After severalk centuries of inquisition in all europeans countries wich prevent the knowlegde of oneness of God for their citizen, islam is coming back and nothing will be able to stop the truth.

    Keep working the movement expand in french tooo !

    As-salam alaykum

    • Islam isn’t expanded by the sword. The sword is a symbol, ie: Light. Ameen. So it should be. An atack should only be made against injustice and opression, as was the example of all battles in the lifetime of Prophet Muhammad (sas). Anyhow there has been much injustice and oppression in History, and Muslims haven’t cowered out to fight against it and to defend the opressed where they have been able.
      I would sugest you read into Ignacio Olagüe’s work which I believe was originally published in French as ”Arabs Never invaded the Peninsula” (In French, of course, ‘Les arabs….’). The author describes how ‘Old Christians’ where tyranized by a new ‘Romano Christian’ pollitical association which formed and radicalized over several centuries. He also goes on to say that a ‘small Muslim presence’ would help the mass of the country to reject this Romano-Catholic tirany against the people, and how the whole story develops therefrom.

      I have personally written my own summarized accound though due to lack of time and medium it still remains incomplete and lacking of much research, translations, and so on. There is a LOT of work to be done, much to be uncovered and much to be known.

      My small account can be found here:
      in what is a project not only to ‘uncover’ but also to spread the word about the true light of Islam and Old Christianity (Pre-Islam) in the society of Al-Andalus, one of the brightest societies in time.

      Islam today has been poisoned and yet hijacked from ‘within’ by radical literallists who can’t possibly understand the taste of the ‘water of live’ even though they have it in a big cup in front of them. Instead they throw the water away and use the cup to hit people on the head with it, or smash it and use it to cut people with it. MASHALLAH. Then there has always been radicals and literallists in all religions, throughout time. It is no surprise and has been announced in the different traditions.

      I hope this helps.

      Regards and Salãm.
      Ahmad Zaruq, Spain.

  28. Abu Yusuf said,

    Assalamu ‘alaykum…
    andalus o’ andalus…
    where have you been…
    Barokallahu fiikum brothers and sisters…
    Wassalamu ‘alaykum…

  29. abubakr007 said,

    Asalaamu alaykum brothers of this website, I ask Allah ta’ala to reward your immensely, ameen.

    Keep me and the ummah in your duas 🙂

  30. mahjong said,

    Can I just say what a relief to find someone who actually is aware of what theyre speaking about on the internet. You undoubtedly know easy methods to carry an issue to light and make it important. Extra people have to read this and understand this aspect of the story. I cant imagine youre not more fashionable because you positively have the gift.

  31. alsbani said,

    My blog on Al Andalus in teh province of Guadalajara, Spain.



  32. Assalaaamu ‘Alaikum wa Rahmatullah,

    Please visit:


    JazaakumAllah khayr

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